The European Union external competencies and maritime industry
Hamed Alavi ()
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Hamed Alavi: Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain; University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, Iraq
Juridical Tribune (Tribuna Juridica), 2018, vol. 8, issue Special, 128-138
Maritime industry has deep roots in Europe. International ports and Inland water ways are in use by European merchants in the course of their trade all along the history. Formation of the European Union and Single European Market has increased the importance of maritime transport even more than before. Currently, industry is regulated at the Union level with body of law which intends to create a safe and predictable business environment for European and foreign enterprises. However, shared nature of the EU with her Member States in regulating Maritime Transport has created a big question mark for many external parties as well as European stack holders of Maritime industry. The question is who can represent EU maritime industry externally and where to draw the limits of Union and Member States Competencies in this industry? At the midst of the second decade of 21th Century, still many international businesses and even foreign governments wonder about limits of external competencies of the EU in maritime industry. Such confusion creates trouble for foreigners and even Europeans in determining where should they referee their matters to the Commission and where should they approach Member States? In this paper, author tries to answer above mentioned question by scrutinizing external and internal challenges facing the EU about its competencies to represent maritime industries outside of her boundaries. Paper is divided into five main sections. After introductory comments, second part will discuss maritime policy and its regulation in the EU. In third part with particular focus on the EU-IMO relations, paper will analyse external challenges facing the Union in representing her maritime industry in international organizations. Forth part will take a look at internal challenges and regulatory limits which affect the extremal representation of maritime industry by the Union. Final part is dedicated to concluding remarks.
Keywords: the European Union law; maritime industry; external competencies; the European Union. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K23 K33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:asr:journl:v:8:y:2018:i:special:p:128-138
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