Overview on the legal instruments of the Council of Europe in the field of administrative law Abstract: The interest in administrative justice has been growing in many countries recently. At the core of an accountable and transparent administration is the right to effectively challenge acts and decisions that affect civil rights and obligations, and so also the daily life of individuals. Effective means of redress against administrative decisions require a functioning system of administrative justice that provides fair trial guarantees. Administrative justice is not limited to the guarantee of citizens’ rights. Its justification also lies in the necessity to defend the public interest and to guarantee a balance between individual rights and the public interest. An administrative-court proceeding should be public, held within a reasonable time, undertaken by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law, and result in an enforceable judgment that shall be pronounced publicly. In addition to interpreting the rights, the Strasbourg Court has pointed out that it must be borne in mind that the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is intended to guarantee rights that are practical and effective. This paper will analyze the certain provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights regarding mainly with the right to a fair trial and the right to an effective remedy and will try to give a concise retrospective to some of the most interesting cases of administrative nature decided by the European Court of Human Rights. Further, it will emphasize the framework of the Council of Europe of existing and applicable recommendations in the area of administrative law starting with alternative ways of resolution of administrative disputes and giving closure with execution of administrative and judicial decisions. Classification-JEL: K23, K33 Keywords: recommendations; administrative dispute; judicial control; fair trial; effective remedy; public authorities
Juridical Tribune (Tribuna Juridica), 2019, vol. 9, issue 2, 298-316
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