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The EU Arctic policy and its critique: a view under Tocci´s theory on foreign policy and normative power (Part 1)

M. Elvira Méndez-Pinedo () and Alesia Fralova ()
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M. Elvira Méndez-Pinedo: Professor of European law, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland
Alesia Fralova: LL.M. Natural Resources and International Environmental Law, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland

Juridical Tribune (Tribuna Juridica), 2019, vol. 9, issue 2, 344-362

Abstract: What is the role of the European Union (EU) in the Arctic region? On what basis does it claim influence and/or authority (if any) over part of this vast area of the world? What can we learn about EU Arctic policy, tools and instruments adopted so far? Is the EU a normative foreign policy actor as described by Tocci´s theory? What factors do influence the adoption and validity of EU policies in this region? This study tries to reply to all these questions casting a light over an area of great geostrategic importance and at the crossroads of historic developments. In a first part we study the current EU Arctic policy and assess its strength and weaknesses according to literature. In a second part we summarize Tocci´s theory on kinds of normative policy actors and examine what kind of power is the EU exercising in the region.

Keywords: Arctic; EU policy; normative foreign policies; Tocci´s theory. Journal: Juridical Tribune (Tribuna Juridica) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K32 K33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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