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TRENDS OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR VENTURE FUNDING: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Yuriy Drachuk (), Elena Stalinskay () and Natalia Trushkina ()
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Yuriy Drachuk: Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, Ukraine
Elena Stalinskay: Department of Economics of Enterprise, Donetsk National University, Ukraine
Natalia Trushkina: Section of Problems of Perspective Development of Energy Sector, Institute of Industrial Economics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine

Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 2016, vol. 2, issue 3

Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to explore of the global venture capital market and to reveal of its development trends. Methodology. To achieve this goal used methods: statistical analysis, forecasting method autoregression model, the calculation of the coefficient of variation, Spearman rank correlation coefficient and linear Pearson correlation coefficient. Results. The analysis of the development of the global venture capital market for the years 2007-2015 executed. The coefficients of variation of the volume of venture capital investment and the number of venture capital deals are designed. According to the calculations, variations in the volume of venture capital investment rate is 11.8%, which is almost 2.1 times higher than the value of the coefficient of variation in the number of venture capital deals in the global market of venture capital investments (5.7%). It means: the actual data volume of venture capital investment and the number of venture capital deals are homogeneous collections, because the values of the coefficients of variation of these indices is less than 33%. A characteristic feature of these indicators is a low level of variability and minor fluctuations, that is, a tendency even venture investments of innovative development in the world. To determine the closeness of the connection between the amount of capital raised in the IPO, and the number of transactions Spearman rank correlation coefficient is calculated, as well as the strength of correlation between the volume of investment and the number of transactions in the global market transactions M&A - linear Pearson correlation coefficient. Between the amount of capital raised in the IPO, and the amount of venture capital transactions revealed a strong positive correlation (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient close to 1). This indicates positive trends in the development of the global market of venture IPO, because by investing venture capital in innovation is a process to conclude the venture capital transactions. According to the calculations of linear Pearson correlation coefficient revealed a moderate correlation between the volume of venture capital investment and the number of transactions in the global market for M&A transactions (value of the linear correlation coefficient is 0.68). Practical implications. To enable the development of the market of venture investments advisable to implement measures of state support for the development of venture capital: direct action: specific mechanisms of state support to increase the venture capital proposals (tax incentives, state riskier equity investments and state loans); indirect action: development of competitive capital markets for small companies, expanding the range of products offered by financial institutions, the development of long-term sources of capital, to simplify the formation of venture capital funds procedure, stimulating interaction between large and small enterprises and financial institutions, promotion of entrepreneurship. Value/originality. On the basis of generalization of foreign experience mechanisms to encourage venture capital financing of innovative development of industry identified and the use of these mechanisms in terms of Ukraine. In the future, the development of proposals to attract venture capital funds to enhance the innovative development of domestic industrial production is planned.

Keywords: venture investment; innovation development; international experience; global market; venture capital; analysis; forecasting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D92 O31 F01 F02 G24 C40 C53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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