MIGRATORY THREATS TO NATIONAL SECURITY OF UKRAINE: CURRENT CHALLENGES AND WAYS OF REGULATION
Mychailo Romaniuk () and
Zinaida Smutchak ()
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Mychailo Romaniuk: Department of Management and Marketing, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ukraine
Zinaida Smutchak: Department of Management, Economics and Law, Kirovograd Flight Academy of the National Aviation University, Ukraine
Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 2016, vol. 2, issue 3
The purpose of the article is to disclose the migratory threats which are connected with external and mass internal inter-regional migrations, which are caused by the annexation of the Crimea and military aggression in Donbas by Russia. Methodological and practical aspects of improving the management of intensive interstate and inter-regional migratory processes, negative consequences of which threaten national security of the country because of hybrid war in Donbas, illegal migration, worsening of the demographic situation, departure of scientists and specialists abroad are described in the article too. The main strategic objective, which consists of maintenance of state sovereignty, territorial integrity of Ukraine, and also integration in European and migratory space, ensuring close to the world standards of quality and length of life, realization of rights and freedoms of citizens, is formulated. Actions and tasks of the state migratory policy, ways and methods of regulation of external migrations of the population are considered. Principal reasons of external migrations of population are identified and analysed. The inwardly-regional, interregional and intergovernmental migrations of population of Ukraine in the years of its state independence (1991- 2014) are analyzed in details. The results of analysis showed that migratory activity goes down on inwardly-regional and interregional levels. Also intensity of exchange of population went down between the regions of country. At the same time Ukraine for years state independence through depopulation processes lost 6,5 million persons, and in the external migratory moving of population of loss made over 1 million persons. The problem of illegal external labour migration is considered. It is noted that illegal migration from Ukraine to the threats to national security in the Law of Ukraine "On the National Security of Ukraine" is not included, and a threat to national security posed by illegal migration from Ukraine state authorities and management of both central and local underestimated. Attention is accented on that adjusting of migratory processes at the macrolevel must become to the ponderable component of socio-economic policy of the state, and the measures of migratory policy consist of that to obtain organization of migratory space of country and take under effective state control those migratory processes that take place in it. Proposals concerning perspective and effective actions of the state migratory policy of Ukraine in regulating migratory movement of the population from the positions of national priorities and regional peculiarities, and also personal needs of migrants and prevention of migratory threats to national security of Ukraine are formulated. It is determined hat the decisive role in the regulation of labour migration processes, as a whole in Ukraine and its regions, belonging to the management of social-economic factors, such as living conditions and employment of people who can change as a result of redistribution of the state budget, wage-fund, public forms of consumption.
Keywords: external migrations; internal migrations; interregional migrations; forced mass internal migratory resettlements; interstate migrations; foreign labour migrations; migratory threats to national security; migratory challenges; state migration policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J61 J60 J10 J69 F22 F52 J68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bal:journl:2256-0742:2016:2:3:17
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