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Distinguishing between Good and Bad Subprime Auto Loans Borrowers: The Role of Demographic, Region and Loan Characteristics

Yaseen Ghulam () and Sophie Hill ()
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Yaseen Ghulam: (1)University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth Business School, Economics and Finance Subject Group; (2)Al Yamamah University, SAUDI ARABIA
Sophie Hill: Inchcape Fleet Solutions, Haven House, U.K.

Review of Economics & Finance, 2017, vol. 10, 49-62

Abstract: Research on subprime mortgages has recently been gaining momentum, but subprime auto loans have largely been ignored. By using a unique data set of a very large UK vehicle finance company, this study analyses secured loans extended to the subprime borrowers with impaired or limited credit history. It looks specifically at characteristics in relation to payment history, in order to determine what characteristics make a good or bad borrower. We conclude that married and divorced borrowers as well as borrowers living in low unemployment and relatively prosperous regions such as the South East and London are less likely to default compared to not married, furnished tenants or borrowers living in the North West of the UK who have a high probability of default. Similar to the prime loans, income of borrowers and defaults propensities are negatively associated. Loan and security characteristics with the most impact on default status are price and age of the automobile, effective interest rate measured by APR, loan-to-value (LTV) and term of the loan agreement. The results of this study will help in understanding subprime auto loans and borrowers as well as helping lenders to distinguish between good and bad subprime borrowers.

Keywords: Automobile loans; Defaults; Subprime; Credit risk; U.K. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D11 D81 G23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
Note: The authors thank valuable comments by two anonymous reviewers. Remaining errors are ours.
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