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Winners and losers in the allocation of credit during the era of import-substitution industrialisation in Colombia, 1940–1967

Carlos Brando Salamanca ()

Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, 2016, vol. 34, issue 79, No 79, 39 pages

Abstract: This paper examines the structure and dynamics of institutionalised flows of credit between economic sectors – with a distinct emphasis on industry – during the era of import-substitution industrialisation. Using the debate between “balanced vs. unbalanced growth” theories as prompting guide, the paper challenges conventional wisdom sustaining that the state supported industrialisation by providing ample/subsidised credit to industrialists. The argument in this article is that the relative share of institutionalised credit flowing to manufacturing was significantly lower than hitherto assumed, when the sectoral allocation considers the financial system as a whole. In fact, it is argued that industrialists were the losers in a financial system in which key players – the Central Bank (CB) – represented competing interests. This proposition is substantiated with a combination of newly constructed datasets integrating credit series for public and private banks, as well as data discriminating the sectoral allocation of resources originating in the CB.

Keywords: Industrialisation; Credit allocation; State intervention (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N2 N6 O1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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