EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Fiscal Policy and the Cycle in Latin America: the Role of Financing Conditions and Fiscal Rules

Enrique Alberola (), Iván Kataryniuk (), Angel Melguizo () and René Orozco

Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, 2018, vol. 36, issue 85, No 85, 116 pages

Abstract: A stronger macroeconomic position when the financial crisis erupted allowed Latin American economies to mitigate its impact through fiscal expansions, temporarily reversing the characteristic procyclical behaviour of fiscal policy. At the same time, in the last two decades fiscal rules have been extensively adopted in the region. This paper analyses the stabilising role of discretionary fiscal policy over time, and the influence of fiscal financing conditions and of fiscal rules in said behaviour for a sample of eight Latin American economies. The analysis shows three main results: i) fiscal policies became countercyclical during the crisis, but they have turned procyclical again in recent years; ii) financing conditions are the key driver of fiscal procyclicality, while iii) fiscal rules tend to neutralise it. ****** La crisis financiera fue enfrentada por América Latina con una posición macroeconómica más sólida, lo que permitió mitigar su impacto con una expansión fiscal, en contraste con la tradicional prociclicidad de las políticas fiscales. Asimismo, en las últimas dos décadas ha proliferado el establecimiento de reglas fiscales en la región. Este artículo analiza el papel estabilizador de la política fiscal discrecional, y la influencia de las condiciones financieras y las reglas fiscales en tal comportamiento para ocho países de América Latina. El análisis obtiene tres principales resultados: i) la política fiscal fue contracíclica durante la crisis, y volvió a ser procíclica posteriormente; ii) las condiciones financieras determinan la prociclicidad de la política fiscal, mientras que iii) las reglas fiscales tienden a neutralizarla.

Keywords: procyclical fiscal policy; fiscal rules; financing conditions; Latin America; política fiscal procíclica; reglas fiscales; condiciones financieras; América Latina (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G1 H3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (10) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://doi.org/10.32468/espe.8506

Related works:
Journal Article: Fiscal Policy and the Cycle in Latin America: the Role of Financing Conditions and Fiscal Rules (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Fiscal policy and the cycle in Latin America: The role of financing conditions and fiscal rules (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Fiscal policy and the cycle in Latin America: the role of financing conditions and fiscal rules (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Fiscal policy and the cycle in Latin America: the role of financing conditions and fiscal rules (2016) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:36:y:2018:i:85:p:101-116

Access Statistics for this article

Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica is currently edited by Ignacio Lozano-Espitia

More articles in Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica from Banco de la Republica de Colombia Cra 7 # 14-78 Piso 11. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Clorith Angélica Bahos Olivera ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-31
Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:36:y:2018:i:85:p:101-116