Measurement and Determinants of Food Poverty: A Dynamic Analysis of Nigeria's First Panel Survey Data
Godstime Osekhebhen Eigbiremolen and
Jonathan Emenike Ogbuabor
African Development Review, 2018, vol. 30, issue 4, 423-433
Using an improved food poverty line, this paper provides the first dynamic food poverty analysis for Nigeria, accounting for urban‐rural income and price differentials. Estimates from the General Household Survey (GHS) longitudinal data reveal that about half of the population was food‐poor in 2013. The proportion of the population that slipped into food poverty within the periods under study (2010–13) far outweighs those that moved out of food poverty. After controlling for households’ socio‐economic and demographic characteristics in a multivariate analysis, large initial household size, unemployment, and low levels of initial education are identified as key factors that keep households in food poverty over time. This, however, varies across rural and urban households.
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