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The Long‐run and Short‐run Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on Financial Development in African Countries

Henri Njangang (), Nembot Ndeffo Luc and Nawo Larissa

African Development Review, 2019, vol. 31, issue 2, 216-229

Abstract: This paper contributes to the understanding of the other neglected effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) by analysing how FDI affects financial development in the short run and long run for a panel of 49 African countries over the period 1990–2016. The empirical evidence is based on a pooled mean group approach. With three panels differentiated by income level, the following findings are established: first, while there is a positive and significant long‐run relationship between FDI and financial development in Africa, in the short run the effect of FDI on financial development is negative. Second, the effect of FDI is positive and significant in the long run in the three sub‐samples. However, in the short run, the effect of FDI is negative and significant in lower‐income countries and non‐significant in lower‐middle‐income and upper‐middle‐income countries. Overall we find strong evidence supporting the view that FDI promotes financial development in African countries in the long run.

Date: 2019
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https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8268.12379

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