Governance, health expenditure and infant mortality in sub‐Saharan Africa
Zechariah Langnel and
African Development Review, 2020, vol. 32, issue 4, 673-685
The paper examines the effect of governance and health expenditure on infant mortality with a panel data of 32 sub‐Saharan African (SSA) countries from 2000 to 2015. Having accounted for potential endogeneity issues related to maternal choices that are made due to contemporaneous infant mortality, the evidence from system generalized method of moment reveals that health expenditure and governance shows no direct influence on infant mortality. However, the coefficient of the interaction between government effectiveness and health expenditure is significant and shows a negative relationship with infant mortality, implying that the effectiveness of health expenditure may be explained by the administrative capacity of countries in SSA. To validate our model, the result from the sensitivity analysis reveals that health expenditure and its interaction with government effectiveness and political stability/absence of violence exert a reducing effect on the under‐five mortality rate. Therefore, since governance quality is lower in SSA compared to other regions, we recommend that governance should be improved consistently in order to achieve health‐related outcomes. The findings further signal the urgent need to formulate policies that directly redress health conditions, rather than through indirect instruments. This focus is critical for the advancement of sustainable development goal 3 in SSA.
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bla:afrdev:v:32:y:2020:i:4:p:673-685
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.blackwell ... bs.asp?ref=1017-6772
Access Statistics for this article
African Development Review is currently edited by John C. Anyanwu, Hassan Aly and Kupukile Mlambo
More articles in African Development Review from African Development Bank Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Wiley Content Delivery ().