The gender-corruption nexus in Asia
Sasiwimon Paweenawat ()
Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 2018, vol. 32, issue 1, 18-28
This study investigates the relationship between the share of women in parliament and the level of corruption in a panel of Asian countries during the period 1997-2015. This study applies the instrumental variable (IV) fixed effect approach using a system of gender quotas, which are either reserved seats, legal candidate quotas, or voluntary political party quotas as instruments to control for unobserved heterogeneity across countries, and to alleviate endogeneity bias. In addition, the generalised method of moments (GMM) estimator is applied in order to address the persistence of corruption, which causes biased and inefficient estimators in estimation. The main finding is that a higher share of women in parliament is associated with a lower level of corruption, which is consistent with evidence from studies by Dollar et al. (2001) and Swamy et al (2001).
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