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Economic growth, inequality, and poverty in Vietnam

Cuong Nguyen () and Nguyet M. Pham

Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 2018, vol. 32, issue 1, 45-58

Abstract: This study examines how poverty reduction has been associated with economic growth and inequality in Vietnam. It finds that although the speed of poverty reduction was lower in the 2000s than in the 1990s, economic growth was more pro†poor in the latter period. During the 1993–98 period, expenditure inequality increased and the poverty reduction during this period was mainly caused by economic growth. During the 2004–08 period, however, expenditure inequality decreased, thereby contributing to poverty reduction. The poverty incidence declined by around 5 percentage points, of which expenditure growth and redistribution contributed 2.8 and 2.2 percentage points of poverty reduction, respectively.

Date: 2018
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