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India's Economic Reforms: Achievements and Next Steps

Montek S. Ahluwalia

Asian Economic Policy Review, 2019, vol. 14, issue 1, 46-62

Abstract: This paper reviews the impact of India's reforms since 1991 on the performance of the Indian economy. It shows that the reforms definitely achieved a significant acceleration in growth and they also succeeded in reducing poverty. However, they have been less successful in generating good quality jobs. There was progress in providing better access to education, health services ,and clean drinking water and sanitation, but less than was hoped. The area where performance has been most disappointing is environmental sustainability. The paper concludes by identifying some of the critical policy challenges in the years ahead.

Date: 2019
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