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How Monetary Policy Affects Your Gross Domestic Product

Andrew Haldane

Australian Economic Review, 2018, vol. 51, issue 3, 309-335

Abstract: During the financial crisis, monetary policy was loosened significantly. Debate continues about the extent to which low interest rates and quantitative easing (QE) may have had adverse distributional impacts, whether by income, wealth, age or region. Using quantified simulations on micro data, I show that looser monetary policy had a significantly positive financial impact on the majority of cohorts of UK society. The impact of monetary policy loosening on income and wealth inequality was small and the overall impact on household welfare significantly positive. These results differ from public perceptions of monetary policy. Personalised information on the impact of monetary policy on household balance sheets could help to correct these misperceptions.

Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:bla:ausecr:v:51:y:2018:i:3:p:309-335