The impact of ISO 14001 on firm environmental and economic performance: The moderating role of size and environmental awareness
Raquel Orcos and
Business Strategy and the Environment, 2021, vol. 30, issue 2, 955-967
This paper analyzes the impact of adopting the ISO 14001 standard on firm environmental and economic performance. In particular, it is argued that the degree of environmental awareness of the society (EAS) and firm size are two factors moderating the effect of ISO 14001 on firm performance. A number of hypotheses are formulated and empirically tested on an international sample of 583 listed companies in 46 countries over the period of 2009–2018. The findings show that (i) ISO 14001 adoption contributes to reducing firm carbon emission intensity and increasing firm profitability; (ii) the impact of ISO14001 on profitability is greater for companies from countries with high EAS and for larger firms; and (iii) the impact of ISO 14001 on carbon intensity is greater for headquartered in countries with low EAS. Managerial and policy implications resulting from the widespread adoption of certifiable environmental standards are also discussed.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bla:bstrat:v:30:y:2021:i:2:p:955-967
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