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The Economic Efficiency of Policy Reform and Partial Market Liberalization under Transaction Costs

Jean-Paul Chavas () and Zohra Mechemache ()

Bulletin of Economic Research, 2006, vol. 58, issue 3, 161-191

Abstract: The article presents an integrated analysis of the effects of domestic and trade policy reform on resource allocation and welfare under transaction costs. It develops a general multiagent, multicommodity model, where transaction costs are the costs of resources used in the exchange process. The influence of domestic and trade policy (including both price and quantity instruments) on distorted market equilibrium is analysed. Alternative concepts of distorted equilibrium are presented and investigated. They provide a basis for evaluating the effects of multilateral partial market liberalization on resource allocation and welfare under transaction costs. New conditions are derived under which multilateral policy reforms generate Pareto improvements.

Date: 2006
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