Why Does the Negotiable Certificate of Deposit Matter for Chinese Banking?
Economic Affairs, 2018, vol. 38, issue 1, 96-105
The Negotiable Certificate of Deposit (NCD) is a major financial instrument in China; the value of outstanding Chinese NCDs was approximately RMB8 trillion (equivalent to USD1.2 trillion) in midâ€ 2017. This article reviews the most recent developments in the Chinese NCD, including its effect on interest rate passâ€ through and money creation. Empirical results show that the introduction of the NCD in 2014 influenced the relationship between the policy rate and the lending rate of Chinese commercial banks, and the interest rate passâ€ through from the policy rate to the lending rate of commercial banks improved subsequently. However, this process has also been accompanied by maturity mismatch, increasing leverage, and decreasing credit ratings for the assets of banks and other financial institutions. Consequently, systemic risk in the Chinese banking system has increased.
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