WHO WINS IN AN ENERGY BOOM? EVIDENCE FROM WAGE RATES AND HOUSING
Economic Inquiry, 2019, vol. 57, issue 1, 9-32
This article presents evidence on the distributional effects of energy extraction by examining the effect of the recent U.S. energy boom on wage rates and housing. The boom increased local wage rates in almost every major occupational category. The increase occurred regardless of whether the occupation experienced a corresponding change in employment, suggesting a tighter labor market that benefited local workers. Wage rates also increased substantially across the entire wage rate distribution, although the percentage increase was slightly higher at the bottom of the distribution than at the top. Local housing values and rental prices both increased, thereby benefiting landowners. For renters, the increase in prices was completely offset by a contemporaneous increase in income. The results suggest that bans on drilling have negative monetary consequences for a large share of local residents. (JEL J23, Q33, R31)
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Working Paper: Who Wins in an Energy Boom? Evidence from Wage Rates and Housing (2016)
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