Evaluating the Effectiveness of School Funding and Targeting Different Measures of Student Disadvantage: Evidence from New Zealand
Jeremy Clark (),
Susmita Roy Das and
Andrea Menclova ()
The Economic Record, 2017, vol. 93, issue 303, 576-599
Many education funding policies seek to lessen the effect of economic disparities outside schools on the disparity of student outcomes within them. A national program for New Zealand schools provides an opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness of government funding in raising graduation rates, and of targeting alternative disadvantage measures. New Zealand targets five deprivation measures: low income, lack of education, low skill employment, crowding, and receiving welfare. Using school fixed effects, we do not find evidence that government funds raise graduation rates for schools, including those serving the most disadvantaged students. We also find no robust evidence that targeting some disadvantage measures is more effective than others. Single parent and rural/urban status are also found to coâ€ vary significantly with graduation rates.
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