Output decline and recovery in the transiton economies: causes and social consequences
Daniel Gros and
The Economics of Transition, 1997, vol. 5, issue 1, 113-130
This paper suggests that output in the transition economies of eastern Europe and the countries of the former Soviet Union is related to, firstly, macroeconomic stabilization, and secondly, the speed of transition. The statistical analysis suggests that those countries which have been most successful in reducing inflation have experienced a lower level of output decline and have been first to achieve recovery in real output. There is also strong evidence that the economies which have been boldest in adopting reforms have been most successful in limiting the fall in output and promoting growth. No support is found for the assertion that the faster the speed of transition the greater the adverse impact on basic social indicators, such as mortality rates. Copyright The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1997.
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