Industrial restructuring in Russia: early reactions fo firms to the shock of liberalization1
Esther Duflo and
Claudia Senik ()
The Economics of Transition, 1997, vol. 5, issue 1, 45-62
This paper looks at the reaction of Russian firsm to the shock of liberalization. Firms are exposed to two kinds of shocks. A supply affects their profitability. A demand shock reflects the new expression of consumers and the opening of the country to foreign competition. Econometric tests show that firms adapt to these changes. They react by adjusting their output. They are not able to change their production techniques for lack of fresh capital. Employment is more stable that output: it is preserved by the adjustment of real wages. Therefore, firms with a low share of material inputs are relatively better off.
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