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How to assess economic progress in the era of discontinuity?

Marceli Hązła and Ewa Mińska‐Struzik

Global Policy, 2023, vol. 14, issue 2, 331-348

Abstract: The aim of this article is to contribute to the discussion on designing alternative economic development indices by measuring economic progress in the face of the discontinuity of globalisation. To this end, we use different evaluation criteria for the ‘old’ (1960–1990) and the ‘new’ (1990–2019) globalisation. First, the historical context that has shaped the contemporary globalisation processes is outlined, which makes it possible to identify the 1990s and the subsequent change in the structure of the world industrial production and the world GDP as the most important tipping point. Based on the observation that none of the existing indices sufficiently cover all the issues, a new pilot measure of economic progress is proposed, which takes into account two time periods: the old (1960–1990) and the new (1990–2019) globalisation. The analysis of the data sample of 18 countries (G6, I6 and selected LDCs) using this measure makes it possible to assign their economies to four categories, depending on the results they have achieved; the ‘winners’, the ‘losers’, the ‘late‐bloomers’ and the ‘inmates of industry’. Furthermore, possible directions for the future research on the subject are indicated. The data set supporting this study has been made publicly available to help in its continuation.

Date: 2023
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