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Identification of freight generating industry complexes: A descriptive spatial analysis

Sowjanya Dhulipala and Gopal R. Patil

Growth and Change, 2021, vol. 52, issue 4, 2680-2712

Abstract: In this paper, a descriptive spatial analysis is carried out by identifying the geographical localisations of various industry sectors that generate freight movements at a regional level in India. The district‐level data are used to identify “industry complexes” from 21 industry sectors using the Getis‐Ord Gi* statistic. Mumbai, Thane, Pune, Raigad, and Ahmednagar of Maharashtra state emerged as complexes for most industry clusters. Findings showed that metropolitan characteristics and availability of raw materials play an essential role in districts emerging as complexes. The location of freight terminals, such as seaports, is one of the major governing factors in distributing logistics and transportation activities. Most of the districts have better transport infrastructure and logistics activities inside the complexes compared to non‐complex areas. However, a need to improve transport infrastructure and logistics in the complexes of non‐metallic mineral products and coke and refined petroleum products is found. The study can help policymakers understand the areas that need improvement, investments, and complex‐based economic development strategies.

Date: 2021
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