Cournot–Bertrand comparisons under R&D competition: Output versus R&D subsidies
Jiaqi Chen and
International Journal of Economic Theory, 2023, vol. 19, issue 1, 77-100
We compare Cournot and Bertrand competitions with R&D investment under output versus R&D subsidy policies. We demonstrate that Cournot firms invest more (less) in R&D and the government grants more (less) subsidies than for Bertrand firms with output (R&D) subsidies. We also find that both competition modes yield the same welfare with output subsidy, while Bertrand yields higher welfare than Cournot with R&D subsidy. Finally, firms' profits and welfare in Cournot are higher under output subsidies, while they can be higher in Bertrand under R&D subsidies if the product substitutability is high and the firm's R&D investment is efficient.
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Working Paper: Cournot-Bertrand comparison under R&D competition: Output versus R&D subsidies (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bla:ijethy:v:19:y:2023:i:1:p:77-100
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