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Does Frustration Lead to Violence? Evidence from the Swedish Hooligan Scene

Mikael Priks

Kyklos, 2010, vol. 63, issue 3, 450-460

Abstract: Sport‐related violence is widespread. Yet, there is a poor understanding of what factors trigger hooligans to become unruly. In this paper I test the so called frustration‐aggression hypothesis, which holds that thwarted expectations from a reference point tend to lead to violent behavior. I use unique data on hooligan violence in Sweden. I find that frustration, generated by a team's bad performance, indeed leads to unruly supporter behavior. A one‐position drop in the soccer league leads to approximately 5 percent more unruly behavior by the team's supporters. The analysis helps policy makers in their endeavors to reduce group‐related violence.

Date: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:63:y:2010:i:3:p:450-460