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Knowledge links between European universities and firms: A review

Edward Bergman ()

Papers in Regional Science, 2010, vol. 89, issue 2, 311-333

Abstract: Abstract Difficulty in extracting scientific and research findings from EU universities and placing such knowledge at the commercial disposal of innovation‐dependent firms and industries is a cause for grave concern in many European states and regions. We take stock of the evidence from the perspective of knowledge‐seeking firms and knowledge‐generating universities, an exercise that reveals striking asymmetries: firms presently seek mainly public science outputs of academics, while universities encourage their academics to pursue proprietary science opportunities more heavily in their dealings with business and industry, pursuit of which may provoke other academics to oppose greater commercialization of university research. Resumen La dificultad para extraer resultados científicos y de investigación de universidades de la UE y hacer que dicho conocimiento esté disponible comercialmente para industrias y empresas dependientes de la innovación es motivo de gran preocupación en muchas regiones y países europeos. Evaluamos la literatura existente desde el punto de vista de las empresas que buscan conocimiento y las universidades que lo generan, siendo este un ejercicio que revela asimetrías notables: las empresas hoy en día buscan principalmente de los académicos resultados científicos públicos, mientras que las universidades animan a sus académicos a que persigan con mayor afán oportunidades científicas patentables cuando traten con empresas e industrias, algo que podría provocar a otros académicos a que se opongan a una comercialización cada vez mayor de la investigación en la universidad.

Date: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:89:y:2010:i:2:p:311-333