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Race and Income Distribution: Evidence from the USA, Brazil and South Africa

Carlos Gradín ()

Review of Development Economics, 2014, vol. 18, issue 1, 73-92

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to provide some empirical evidence about black–white differentials in the distribution of income and wellbeing in three different countries: Brazil, the USA and South Africa. In all cases, people of African descent are in a variety of ways socially disadvantaged compared with the relatively more affluent whites. We investigate the extent of these gaps in comparative perspective, and analyze to what degree they are associated with differences in the observed characteristics of races, such as where they live, the types of household they have, or their performance in the labor market. We undertake this analysis with the Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition at the means and with a propensity score approach at the entire distribution. Our results show how the factors underlying the racial divide vary across countries and income quantiles.

Date: 2014
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Working Paper: Race and income distribution: Evidence from the US, Brazil and South Africa (2010) Downloads
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