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Policy impact assessment in developing countries using Social Accounting Matrices: The Kenya SAM 2014

Alfredo Mainar, Pierre Boulanger, Hasan Dudu and Emanuele Ferrari ()

Review of Development Economics, 2020, vol. 24, issue 3, 1128-1149

Abstract: This paper describes the structure and estimation of a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) of Kenya for the year 2014. Among its specificities, this SAM includes a very high disaggregation of the agri‐food sector and accounts for the double role of households as producers and consumers. Accounting for these characteristics is crucial to provide robust socioeconomic analysis in the context of developing countries. Indeed, this type of database is valuable to perform ex‐ante evaluations of economic policies with various economic models and techniques. In this paper, we present an application with a linear multiplier analysis (backward linkages and value chain decomposition). The results show the capacity of the primary sector in Kenya to generate value added and employment, with this growth distributed more intensely in rural households whose main livelihood is semi‐subsistence agriculture.

Date: 2020
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