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Internal Migration of Blacks in South Africa: An Application of the Roy Model

Chung Choe () and E. LaBrent Chrite

South African Journal of Economics, 2014, vol. 82, issue 1, 81-98

Abstract: This study investigates the internal migration of black males in South Africa over the period after the formal end of Apartheid using the 1996 census data. The two issues of our primary interests are the following: (i) whether migration patterns of black individuals are consistent with the income-maximising hypothesis as related to the destination choice; and (ii) whether the redistribution of human capital is detected in internal migration. The results from conditional logit regressions on choices among individuals in 318 districts show that individuals prefer districts with higher expected wages, conditional on other regional characteristics. In addition, there exist differing preferences on the share of population with post-secondary education by individuals with commensurate educational attainments. Black individuals with post-secondary education tend to migrate into areas with a higher share of population with post-secondary education and vice versa, which confirms the divergence of human capital levels across districts.

Date: 2014
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