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Income and Price Elasticities of Demand in South Africa: An Application of the Linear Expenditure System

Rulof Burger (), Lodewicus Charl Coetzee, Carl Friedrich Kreuser and Neil Rankin ()

South African Journal of Economics, 2017, vol. 85, issue 4, 491-514

Abstract: This paper investigates the expenditure patterns of South African households using detailed cross†sectional expenditure and price data that varies across region and time. Linear expenditure system parameter estimates are used to calculate income and price elasticities for a number of product categories at different points of the income distribution. We find substantial variation in the price and income elasticities of demand for items across the income distribution, with the bottom quartile being extremely sensitive to increases in the price of food and clothing items, and the top quartile being as sensitive as households in developed countries.

Date: 2017
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Working Paper: Income and price elasticities of demand in South Africa: An application of the linear expenditure system (2015) Downloads
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Handle: RePEc:bla:sajeco:v:85:y:2017:i:4:p:491-514