Tracking Can Be More Equitable Than Mixing
Marisa Hidalgo-Hidalgo ()
Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2014, vol. 116, issue 4, 964-981
Parents and policy-makers often wonder whether and how the choice of a tracked or mixed educational system affects the equality of opportunity. I answer this question by analyzing the influence of peers on future educational results. I define an equal opportunity policy as one that maximizes the average lifetime income of the worst-off type of individuals in society (i.e., students from disadvantaged backgrounds). I find that tracking maximizes average lifetime income if the opportunity cost of college attendance is sufficiently high.
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