EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Beyond the WTO? An Anatomy of EU and US Preferential Trade Agreements

Henrik Horn (), Petros C. Mavroidis and Andre Sapir ()

The World Economy, 2010, vol. 33, issue 11, 1565-1588

Abstract: It is often alleged that PTAs involving the EC and the US include a significant number of obligations in areas not currently covered by the WTO Agreement, such as investment protection, competition policy, labour standards and environmental protection. The primary purpose of this study is to highlight the extent to which these claims are true. The study divides the contents of all PTAs involving the EC and the US currently notified to the WTO, into 14 ‘WTO+’ and 38 ‘WTO-X’ areas, where WTO+ provisions come under the current mandate of the WTO, and WTO‐X provisions deal with issues lying outside the current WTO mandate. As a second step, the legal enforceability of each obligation is evaluated, and judged on the extent to which the text specifies clear obligations. Among the findings are: (i) EC agreements contain almost four times as many instances of WTO‐X provisions as do US agreements; (ii) but EC agreements evidence a very significant amount of ‘legal inflation’ (i.e. non‐legally enforceable provisions) in the WTO‐X category, and US agreements actually contain more enforceable WTO‐X provisions than do the EC agreements; (iii) US agreements tend to emphasise regulatory areas more compared to EC agreements.

Date: 2010
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (119) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1467-9701.2010.01273.x

Related works:
Working Paper: Beyond the WTO ?An Anatomy of EU and US Preferential Trade Agreements (2011)
Working Paper: Beyond the WTO ?An Anatomy of EU and US Preferential Trade Agreements (2010)
Book: Beyond the WTO? An anatomy of EU and US preferential trade agreements (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Beyond the WTO? An Anatomy of EU and US Preferential Trade Agreements (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Beyond the WTO ?An Anatomy of EU and US Preferential Trade Agreements (2009)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bla:worlde:v:33:y:2010:i:11:p:1565-1588

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.blackwell ... bs.asp?ref=0378-5920

Access Statistics for this article

The World Economy is currently edited by David Greenaway

More articles in The World Economy from Wiley Blackwell
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Wiley Content Delivery ().

 
Page updated 2022-08-10
Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:33:y:2010:i:11:p:1565-1588