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Does the belt and road initiative stimulate Chinese exports? Evidence from micro data

Holger Görg () and Haiou Mao

The World Economy, 2022, vol. 45, issue 7, 2084-2100

Abstract: This paper evaluates firms' exporting responses to BRI and considers their heterogeneity in ownership types, product types, regional origin and trade mode. This is done by analysing firm–product–destination‐level customs data from 2008 to 2016. Our empirical results show that aggregate export behaviour increased significantly after BRI. However, ownership matters when evaluating firms' reactions, with SOEs and foreign firms benefitting, but privately owned domestic firms not. Furthermore, our results on regional heterogeneity suggest that ‘open through the west’, that is boosting the development of western regions in China, did not appear to work in the short term. Our findings show clearly the implications of BRI's impact from a firm‐level perspective.

Date: 2022
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