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Income Elasticity and the Gender Gap: A Challenging MDG for the MENA Countries

Noha Emara ()

Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, 2014, vol. 10, issue 3, 29

Abstract: The gender equality target is still considered one of the most challenging goals for most Middle East and North African (MENA) Countries. Using panel least square with regional dummies (LSDV) for 22 MENA countries over the period 1990–2007, the study concludes that with less than 5 years for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to be concluded, a significant acceleration in economic growth is required for the MENA countries to achieve the gender goal if these countries depended solely on economic growth. As a policy implication, the increase in economic growth in the MENA countries needs to be complemented with other factors boosting the achievability of the gender equality such as the government spending on education, infrastructure, and encouragement of international trade. All three factors proved to have a statistical significant and important impact on closing the gender gap.

Date: 2014
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DOI: 10.1515/rmeef-2012-0034

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