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The Impact of Fiscal Policy on Economic Activity over the Business Cycle: An Empirical Investigation in the Case of Algeria

Chibi Abderrahim (), Chekouri Sidi Mohamed () and Mohamed Benbouziane ()
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Chekouri Sidi Mohamed: Faculty of Economics, University Centre of Maghnia, Maghnia, Algeria

Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, 2019, vol. 15, issue 3, 23

Abstract: In this paper, we aim to analyze whether the effect of fiscal policy on economic growth in Algeria differs throughout the business cycle. To tackle this question, we use a Markov Switching Vector Autoregressive (MSVAR) framework. We find evidence of asymmetric effects of fiscal policy through regimes, defined by the state of the business cycle (recession and boom). The results show small positive government spending and revenue multipliers in the short term in both regimes. Most importantly, fiscal policy shocks have a stronger impact in times of economic recession than in times of expansion, which confirm the hypothesis of asymmetric effects. However, the impact of government spending is stronger than the impact of public revenue during recession periods. In addition, fiscal policy decision-makers interact with Anti-Keynesian view (pro-cyclical). Our results imply that there is something to gain by using the "right instrument" at the "right time".

Keywords: fiscal policy; economic activity; nonlinear effect; MSVAR model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 E32 E62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Related works:
Working Paper: The Impact of Fiscal Policy on Economic Activity Over the Bsiness Cycle: An Emirical Investigation in the Case of Algeria (2014) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1515/rmeef-2016-0014

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