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Construction of leading economic index for recession prediction using vine copulas

Kajal Lahiri () and Yang Liu ()
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Yang Liu: School of Economics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu210093, PR China

Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, 2021, vol. 25, issue 4, 193-212

Abstract: This paper constructs a composite leading index for business cycle prediction based on vine copulas that capture the complex pattern of dependence among individual predictors. This approach is optimal in the sense that the resulting index possesses the highest discriminatory power as measured by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The model specification is semi-parametric in nature, suggesting a two-step estimation procedure, with the second-step finite dimensional parameter being estimated by QMLE given the first-step non-parametric estimate. To illustrate its usefulness, we apply this methodology to optimally aggregate the 10 leading indicators selected by The Conference Board (TCB) to predict economic recessions in the United States. In terms of the discriminatory power, our method is significantly better than the Index used by TCB.

Keywords: block bootstrap; leading economic index; receiver operating characteristic curve; vine copula; C14; C15; C32; C43; C51; C53; C37 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1515/snde-2019-0033

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