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Early News is Good News: The Effects of Market Opening on Market Volatility

Giampiero Gallo () and Pacini Barbara ()
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Pacini Barbara: Università di Firenze

Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, 1998, vol. 2, issue 4, 1-19

Abstract: In this paper, we examine the characteristics of market opening news and its impact on the estimated coefficients of the conditional volatility models of the GARCH class. We find that the differences between the opening price of one day and the closing price of the day before have different characteristics when considering various stock-market indices on which options are actively traded. The impact of a suitable positive-valued transformation of these differences has the effects of modifying the direct impact of daily innovations on volatility and reducing the estimated overall persistence of such innovations. The overall contribution of the variable is evaluated in an out-of-sample forecasting exercise, where we obtain significant improvements above the simple GARCH model.

Date: 1998
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