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Les difficultés scolaires et professionnelles des jeunes issus de l’immigration: effet de l’origine ou effets géographiques ?

Romain Aeberhardt, Roland Rathelot and Mirna Safi

Population (french edition), 2015, vol. 70, issue 3, 599-635

Abstract: The poor educational outcomes and labour market difficulties of ethnic minorities are often attributed to their residential location and their segregation in the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods. In this article, we seek to determine whether the educational and employment trajectories of young people with at least one parent born in North Africa, sub-Saharan Africa or in the "Near and Middle East" are equivalent to those of young people whose parents were both born in France, holding sociodemographic characteristics and place of residence constant. To this end, we exploit fine-scale geolocation data at the level of the infra-communal census district (IRIS) provided by the 1998 and 2004 G?n?ration surveys. The specifications used in the regression models enable us to measure the effect of the origin variable after controlling for a wide range of individual variables and for the geographic fixed effect at the IRIS level (conditional logit). Our results highlight the large differences between the children of African immigrants and the children of French-born parents. these differences persist even after controlling for geographic effects.

Keywords: immigration; second-generation immigrants; labour market; education; inequalities; segregation; discrimination; France (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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