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Homogames un jour, homogames toujours ? Rencontre pendant les études et proximité de diplôme et de carrière au sein des couples en France

Milan Bouchet-Valat and Sébastien Grobon ()

Population (french edition), 2019, vol. 74, issue 1, 131-154

Abstract: Drawing on data from the EPIC study of individual and conjugal trajectories (?tude des parcours individuels et conjugaux, INED-INSEE, 2013?2014, France), this article analyses the context in which couples met, the level of education they reached, and their subsequent careers. It calls into question the claim that longer education bolsters partners? educational and socioeconomic similarity and exacerbates inter-couple inequality in the population at large. The proportion of couples who meet in an educational context has risen across birth cohorts. However, for relationships that were in progress at the time of the survey, separations and repartnering greatly attenuate the impact of this increase. As expected, partners who met at school show very similar educational levels. But while educational homogamy works in favour of occupational status homogamy at both the time the relationship started as well as at the time of the survey, that tie is quite weak. Having met at school only slightly affects the difference between partners? occupational positions. Gender-specific inequalities (hypergamy) ultimately appear stronger than homogamy: it is in couples where the woman?s level of education is higher than the man?s that the occupational gap in the man?s favour is smallest.

Keywords: EPIC survey; couple; homogamy; hypergamy; meeting place; education; gender inequalities; occupational careers; gender; France (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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