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Le rôle du capital humain prémigratoire dans l’intégration économique des immigrés en France: compétences métier vs compétences transversales

Nadiya Ukrayinchuk and Xavier Chojnicki ()

Population (french edition), 2020, vol. 75, issue 2, 325-357

Abstract: The objective of this article is to differentiate the role played by transversal skills and professional skills, accumulated by migrants in their home country, on their chances of getting a job in France, as well as on the adequacy between different job characteristics (socio-professional category and wage) and pre-migratory skills. To quantify the impact of the transferability of human capital, we use the data from the Trajectories and Origins survey (2008). We show that pre-migration human capital plays an important role both in obtaining employment and its quality, measured by probability not to be professionally downgraded and remuneration. Using several indicators of immigrant integration, quantitative and qualitative, we show that, with the exception of language skills, other transversal skills do not play the expected role. Conversely, professional skills allow for better economic integration. Nevertheless, we show that certain pre-migratory professional skills are not transferable and hence they are associated with low economic integration, the effect that is persistent over time.

Keywords: immigration; economic integration; pre-migration human capital; France (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Related works:
Working Paper: Le rôle du capital humain prémigratoire dans l’intégration économique des immigrés en France: compétences métier vs compétences transversales (2020)
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