Economics at your fingertips  

Bâle II, réallocation des portefeuilles de crédits et incitation à la prise de risque. Une application au cas des pays émergents d'Asie du Sud-Est

Olivier Bruno and Alexandra Girod

Revue économique, 2008, vol. 59, issue 6, 1193-1213

Abstract: We analyze the impact of the new Internal Rate Based (irb) Basel II capital requirements on the credit portfolio of banks and on their incentive to take risk. We show that for some initially risky banks, there is an incentive bias to finance a riskier credit bucket when they shift from Basel I to irb Basel II capital requirements. Basel II bank capital requirements are based on the default rate of each loan financed by a bank. This rate is measured by taking into account the specific risk of the credit (its own default probability) and its sensitivity to a systematic factor of risk. The relationship between these two risk factors (specific and systematic) is assumed to be decreasing with the default probability of a credit. This assumption implies that the marginal capital amount for a bank that finances a riskier credit is also decreasing. In order to appraise banks? incentive to finance risky projects, we compare this marginal decreasing amount of capital requirements with the increasing gain linked with the financing of riskier credits, which is measured by credit spreads. Under some conditions on the value of credit spreads, we show that the trade off between marginal cost and marginal gain may encourage initially risky banks under Basel I capital regulation to increase their level of risk under irb Basel II capital regulation. This incentive bias towards a riskier credit portfolio is in contradiction with Basel II?s main objective of reducing the global risk taken by banks. Classification JEL : G11 ? G32

JEL-codes: G32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf) (text/html)

Related works:
Working Paper: Bâle II, Réallocation des Portefeuilles de Crédits et Incitation à la Prise de Risque: une Application au Cas des Pays Emergents d'Asie du Sud-est (2008)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

More articles in Revue économique from Presses de Sciences-Po
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire ().

Page updated 2024-06-09
Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_596_1193