EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Politiques pro-biocarburants et climatique américaines: impact sur les choix énergétiques du Brésil et des Etats-Unis et bilan carbone

Ujjayant Chakravorty (), Marie-Hélène Hubert and Michel Moreaux

Revue économique, 2010, vol. 61, issue 1, 213-247

Abstract: In this paper, a partial trade equilibrium model is developed to explore the impacts of US energy policies on the use and trade of first-generation biofuels (ethanol) and second-generation biofuels (ligno-cellulosic ethanol) in the United-States and Brazil. In addition, we investigate their impacts on direct and indirect carbon emissions. The first policy is the biofuels mandatory target. The second defines a cap on carbon emissions. Our study reveals that the biofuels mandatory target encourages ligno-cellulosic ethanol production, reductions in carbon emissions being marginal. The second policy increases energy prices leading to a decrease in energy consumption as well as in direct carbon emissions. However, this policy has a significant impact on deforestation in Brazil resulting in a rise in indirect carbon emissions. The biofuels subsidy needed to reach the mandatory target amounts to US $ 1.1 per gallon. The US carbon tax reaches US $ 120 per ton equivalent carbon. A differential tax is imposed on gasoline, ethanol and ligno-cellulosic ethanol based on the carbon content. It is respectively equal to US $ 0.38, US $ 0.204 and US $ 0.024.

Keywords: Biofuels Mandatory Target; Climate Policy; Land-Use; Biofuels Subsidy; Carbon Tax (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.cairn.info/load_pdf.php?ID_ARTICLE=RECO_611_0213 (application/pdf)
http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique-2010-1-page-213.htm (text/html)
free

Related works:
Working Paper: Politiques pro-biocarburants et climatique américaines: impact sur les choix énergétiques du Brésil et des Etats-Unis et bilan carbone (2010)
Working Paper: Politiques pro-biocarburants et climatique américaines: impact sur les choix énergétiques du Brésil et des Etats-Unis et bilan carbone (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Politiques pro-biocarburants et climatique américaines: impact sur les choix énergétiques du Brésil et des Etats-Unis et bilan carbone (2009) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_611_0213

Access Statistics for this article

More articles in Revue économique from Presses de Sciences-Po
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire ().

 
Page updated 2020-11-27
Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_611_0213