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Le retour au plein emploi ?

Valérie Chauvin (), Gaël Dupont, Eric Heyer () and Xavier Timbeau ()

Revue de l'OFCE, 2001, vol. 79, issue 4, 195-233

Abstract: From 1997 to 2001, the French unemployment rate fell by around 4 points. We show it can reach 5?% in 2005 under favorable but realistic assumptions. Lower interest rates could imply a higher investment rate, which would however remain under its level in the 60s. This would allow a 1.1 point fall of the unemployment rate. The external trade could contribute positively to growth and account for a 0.9 point fall of the unemployment rate, despite a slowing down international trade. Working time reduction and a neutral Fiscal Policy are also important assumptions. More over, the NAIRU, estimated at 9?% at least, should fall. We draw alternative scenarios where full employment is reached later because of an less favorable international environment and where the unemployment rate remains over 7?%, because the NAIRU doesn?t diminish.

Date: 2001
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