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A Survey of the Causes of Civil Conflicts: Natural Factors and Economic Conditions

Mathieu Couttenier () and Raphael Soubeyran ()

Revue d'économie politique, 2015, vol. 125, issue 6, 787-810

Abstract: We provide an overview of the roots of civil conflict and distinguish between economic conditions and natural factors. We discuss the very recent (quasi-experimental) evidence on the effect of economic wealth, commodity prices and climate on the likelihood of civil conflict. As a preamble, we present an overview of the theoretical literature on the roots of conflict and distinguish between ?capacity-related? and ?opportunity-related? causes of conflict. We also provide policy implications regarding the prevention of civil conflicts.

Keywords: civil war; conflict; opportunity; capacity; natural resources; commodity prices; climate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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