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A Tale of Two “Educational Revolutions”. Human Capital Formation in England in the Long Run

Alexandra de Pleijt ()

Revue d'économie politique, 2020, vol. 130, issue 1, 107-130

Abstract: This paper charts the growth trajectory of grammar schools in England at the county level between 1270 and 1700 to shed new light on the long-term development of the economy in the centuries before the Industrial Revolution. The evidence on schooling shows that there were two ?educational revolutions?. The first occurred in the period between the Black Death and the 1530s, and can probably be attributed to the favourable conditions for schooling created by the European Marriage Pattern (EMP). The second revolution occurred in the second half of the 17th century. Interestingly, this phase of rapid educational expansion was concentrated in the counties in the Northwest of England, which at that time was undergoing rapid urbanisation and commercialisation and which would form the core of the 18th century Industrial Revolution. Moreover, it was the same region that saw a decline of human capital formation during the Industrial Revolution.

Keywords: human capital; long-run growth; England; industrial revolution; educational revolution (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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