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La dynamique des disparités régionales dans l'Union Européenne, 1980-1995

Julie Le Gallo ()

Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, 2004, vol. octobre, issue 4, 491-512

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the dynamics of regional disparities in the European Union over the period from 1980-1995, based on a sample of 138 regions. First, the evolution of the form of the per capita GDP distribution is characterized by a test of ?-convergence and by means of non-parametric estimations of density functions. Second, the growth process is modeled as a first-order stationary Markov chain. Third, the influence of the geographical environment is analysed by estimating a spatial Markov chain. The results of the analysis indicate the persistence of regional disparities, a progressive bias towards a poverty trap, and the importance of geography in the convergence process. Classification JEL?: C14, O52, R11, R15.

Keywords: convergence; regional disparities; spatial autocorrelation; markov chains (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 O52 R11 R15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004
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