EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Normes, taxes et pollution diffuse aux nitrates

Alban Verchère

Revue française d'économie, 2010, vol. Volume XXV, issue 2, 93-135

Abstract: Based upon a critical review of various works about nitrate NPS pollution, we show that in the debate opposing price vs. quantity instruments to regulate pollution, it is possible to refine — and even more to go past — the measures which fail to reduce pollution, but at a significantly higher public cost, to be balanced with the expected private cost savings. First of all, we shall see that the employment of standards on inputs is not always very expensive for farmers regarding the cost associated with a tax on fertilizers, but the public costs that these standards need to support are very high and may explain, for a large part, why some European countries preferred to use this later. Nevertheless, we will see that tax on fertilizers is partly unfair in so far as the farmers continue to pay it on optimal unit of fertilizers, and so at such a point that tax rates remain too small to have any significant impact on fertilizer consumption and then nitrates pollution. Finally, according to the idea that efficiency and equity would remain inseparable for any new design or instrument — in order to increase its social and political acceptability —, we analyse some refined measures, keeping this ideal in mind. We then see that these ambitious refinements may probably be very costly in public funds. But may be it is the price to consent to definitely reduce NPS pollution.

Date: 2010
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.cairn.info/load_pdf.php?ID_ARTICLE=RFE_102_0093 (application/pdf)
http://www.cairn.info/revue-francaise-d-economie-2010-2-page-93.htm (text/html)
free

Related works:
Journal Article: Normes, taxes et pollution diffuse aux nitrates (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Normes, taxes et pollution diffuse aux nitrates (2010)
Working Paper: Normes, taxes et pollution diffuse aux nitrates (2010)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cai:rferfe:rfe_102_0093

Access Statistics for this article

More articles in Revue française d'économie from Presses de Sciences-Po
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire ().

 
Page updated 2019-06-27
Handle: RePEc:cai:rferfe:rfe_102_0093