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STUDY ON THE INCIDENCE OF NATIONAL FISCAL POLICIES ON THE GROWTH OF ECONOMY IN POLAND, CZECH REPUBLIC AND HUNGARY

Costache Bianca
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Costache Bianca: ACADEMY OF ECONOMIC STUDIES OF BUCHAREST

Annals - Economy Series, 2017, vol. 5, 132-138

Abstract: The paper is mainly focused on a key subject of economic literature, respectively the way in which the fiscal policy impact economic growth of countries; therefore, these effects have been illustrated by taking into consideration the real economic context, within which they act as indicators of fiscal policy (direct and indirect taxes), as well as other sectors of economy (public debt, capital investments). The study contains the analysis and evaluation of the instruments’ effects of fiscal policy on the real growth rate within the 3 selected countries: Poland, Czech Republic and Hungary. I conducted the analysis through the regression model, more precisely through the least squares method, which reflects the effects of those six selected indicators: public debt, capital investments, direct taxes, indirect taxes, social benefits and revenues from the capitalization of public goods on real growth rate of the gross domestic product. The assumption for starting the research was the fact that fiscal policy’s instruments act different according to the nature of the indicator. Following the recording of the results which showed a negative effect drove by indicators like social benefits, capital investments, revenues from capitalization of public goods, indirect taxes, the hypothesis was confirmed. Also, the model proved to be statistically valid and that it has a liniar correlation between the variables after application of the econometric tests.

Keywords: economic growth; fiscal policy; instrument; taxes; fiscal consolidation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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