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MIGRATION DURING THE PERIOD OF GLOBALIZATION

Mariana Balan and Brindusa Radu
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Mariana Balan: INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC FORECASTING – NIER, ROMANIAN ACADEMY

Annals - Economy Series, 2019, vol. 6, 122-127

Abstract: Globalization has led to a marked increase of migration to all corners of the world, supported by several factors, either economic, social, environmental or political instability, the development of sophisticated modern transport systems and networks that have facilitated much travel. easier, cheaper and faster than at any time in human history. Characteristic for the migration phenomenon from the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 3rd millennium is the change in the structure, size and typology of the migration flows, in the last years, the demand on the labor market in the countries of origin being addressed especially to the highly qualified immigrants. The determinants of international migration are diverse and complex. From the reasons classified as "push" or "pull", globalization has introduced a third set of motivations called "network", which includes free flow of information, improved communication worldwide, faster and with lower transport costs. in recent decades. These latter factors, in fact, are not a direct cause of migration, but are favorable elements of migration. It is also worth noting that modern globalization is not only determined by technological progress, but also by political and ideological changes. The paper presents a brief analysis of the main features of globalization and its impact on the volume, structure and trends of migration flows.

Keywords: globalization; migration; urban immigration; economic and social effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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